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On the 4th of March 2023 at 03:45 UTC a magnitude M3.0 earthquake occurred in the Rockall Plateau in the North Atlantic, approximately 600km northwest of Donegal. The earthquake located with a depth of 10 km. In the map below the epicentre of the earthquake is indicated with a red marker. Major fault zones in and around Ireland are shown with red lines. While earthquakes in the Rockall Trough are regularly detected by the INSN, only one previous event has been detected from the Rockall Plateau – a M3.5 earthquake from the 10th of January 2016. As the nearest land-based seismometers are 500km from the Rockall Plateau, only larger magnitude (M2.5+) events are expected to be detected from this region. Earthquakes with magnitudes up to M4 are known to occur in the Rockall Trough.
The event was recorded by the Irish National Seismic Network (INSN) and can be seen in the waveforms plotted below:
On the 31st of March 2021 at 02:47:08 UTC (03:47:08 local time), a magnitude M2.6 earthquake occurred in the Rockall Trough near the Hebrides Terrace Seamount, approximately 210 km north-northwest of Ireland. The epicentre location is indicated with a red circle in the map below, black lines denote major fault zones in and around Ireland. The earthquake occurred at a depth of 10 km, and was preceded by a magnitude M2.3 earthquake at the same location, occurring at 00:05:02 UTC (01:05:02 local time). Although earthquake detection rates in the Rockall Trough are lower than those of the Irish Sea, several events with magnitude M>2.0 have been detected in this region, most notably from 1980, when an earthquake of magnitude M4.0 occurred near the Hebrides Terrace Seamount.
The event was recorded by the stations of the Irish National Seismic Network (INSN) and can be seen in the waveforms plotted below: